class 12 history bhakti sufi traditions important questions
Kabir used monotheism and iconoclasm to attack Hindu polytheism and idol worship and said God is one. Explain the features of Islamic religion which contributed to its spread through the sub-continent. The sufis accepted unsolicited grants and donations from the political elites. Bhakti Sufi Traditions class 12 Notes History. Chidambram, Thanjavur and. Question 15. Jagannath is the form of which god? They initiated the early Bhakti Movement during the 6th century CE. By the eleventh century, Sufism evolved into a well developed movement in the following ways: Question 11. The Alvars were worshippers of? The Sultans in turn set up charitable trusts (auqaf) as endowments for hospices and granted tax-free land (inam). Islamic Traditions: To assert their authority, both expected that certain rituals be performed such as prostration and kissing of the feet. “The Lingayats challenged the idea of caste and the ‘pollution’ attributed to certain groups by Brahmanas,” Critically examine the statement. A. Shiva B. Durga C. Vishnu D. Brahma Ans: C. 2.The text ‘Nalayira Divyaprabandham’ belongs to─ A. Alvars B. Nayanars C. Both a) and b) D. None of the above Ans: A Explanation: the tenth century anthology is compilation of compositions of the Alvars. Free PDF download of Important Questions with Answers for CBSE Class 12 History Chapter 6 Bhakti Sufi Traditions prepared by expert History teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books only by CoolGyan to score more marks in CBSE board examination. Mention the support they got from the Chola rulers. Delhi 2009. 2. (All India 2017) All these compilations were made long after the death of Kabir. NCERT Solutions Class 12 History 2 Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts. For example, Arab Muslim traders adopted local customs such, as matriliny and matrilocal residence. (HOTS; All India 2010) Identify the relationship of the Alvars and Nayanars of Tamil Nadu with the state from the eighth to the eighteenth century. Explain the teachings of Kabir. Complete Chapter Notes - Theme 6 - Bhakti-Sufi Traditions, Class 12, History | EduRev Notes chapter (including extra questions, long questions, short questions, mcq) can be found on EduRev, you can check out Humanities/Arts lecture & lessons summary in the same course for Humanities/Arts Syllabus. Answer: Q3-give the name of any four well known reformers of bhakti movement? This practice is an occasion for seeking the sufi’s spiritual grace (barakat). Home / History XII / Question Answers / THEME-6 BHAKTI ... 2020 in History XII, Question Answers. Question 1. Earliest Bhakti movements were led by _______. Kabir’s ideas crystallised through dialogue and debate and his legacy was claimed by several groups. Answer: A major feature of the Chishti tradition was austerity, including maintaining a distance from worldly power. Mosque blends a universal faith with local traditions. Mention the two ideas of Brahmanical system challenged by the Lingayats. Thus, prohibited to learn Vedas. Two similarities between philosophy of Kabir and Guru Nanak Dev are: Question 3. The significance of Kabir’s poem also lies in the fact that his teachings were inspired by both Hinduism and Islam which sometimes expressed diverse and conflicting ideas. 3. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts. Yogic Tradition: Which group challenged the idea of caste and the pollution attributed to certain groups by Brahmanas. The roof stands on all these pillars. Class 12th History THEME-6 BHAKTI - SUFI TRADITIONS (Questions with Solutions) Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (C. Eighth To Eighteenth Century) by Manish - … (All India 2015) Neither can find the only Ram. 1. Support from Chola Rulers Alvars and Nayanars got support from the Chola rulers in the form of land grants for the construction of splendid temples with stone and metals sculpture to recreate the visions of these popular saints who sang in the language of people. Recognition of Krishna as lover: She recognised Krishna, the incarnation of Vishnu, as her lover. The importance of the traditions of the Alvars and Nayanars was sometimes indicated by the claim that their compositions were as important as the Vedas. In Kerala, we find the shikhara like roof and in Bangladesh, we find dome like roof. Vedantic Tradition: Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts Questions with Solutions to help you to revise complete Syllabus and Score More marks in your Class 12 … From eighth to eighteenth century striking features was a visibility of wide range of gods and goddesses in sculpture and texts. However, there were instances of conflict between the Sultans and the sufis. Tulsidas, a prominent leader of the Bhakti Movement, lived in: (a) Gwalior. Kerala Plus Two History Chapter Wise Questions and Answers Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions (Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts) Question 1. Both Kabir and Guru Nanak Dev rejected idol worship, also rejected sacrifices and ritual baths. They challenged the idea of caste and the ‘pollution’ attributed to certain groups by Brahmanas. What also characterised traditions of bhakti was a remarkable diversity. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. Not surprisingly rulers tried to win their support as well. They challenged the Brahmanical system in the following ways: Question 8. Similarities : Both of Sufi traditions are critical of the dogmatic definitions and scholastic methods of interpretation of the Quran and sunna (traditions of the Prophet) adopted by theologians. or Explain the significance of Kabir’s poems and the traditions he drew to describe the ultimate reality. Nirguna bhakti. Names like Allah, Ram, Karim, Keshav, Hari and Hazrat. (Delhi 2010) The Chola rulers constructed many Shiva temples e.g. BHAKTI - SUFI TRADITIONS ... -Those who followed Tantric rejected the caste and class within the ritual context. Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions have different set of questions. Reconstruction of Mirabai’s: Biography The reconstruction of biographies of Mirabai has been done from the bhajans composed by herself (transmitted orally for centuries). According to historians what was the second process of integration of cults? (All India 2016) CBSE Revision hindi Notes for CBSE Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions Class 12 History Book2 chapter-6 Bhakti Sufi Traditions - The Mughal Court: Reconstructing Histories through Chronicles. How did he describe the ultimate reality through his poems? BHAKTI SUFI TRADITIONS. (Delhi 2010) The Chola rulers (ninth to thirteenth centuries) supported Brahmanical and Bhakti traditions, making land grants and constructing temples for Vishnu and Shiva. Broad overview: (a) Outline of political history 15th-17th centuries. Question 2. Why do thousands of devotees visit dargahs of Muslim saint? Yes, I agree with Kabir’s view. Shaikh Nizamuddinâs hospice comprised several small rooms and a big hall known as, 8. Alvars: Alvars were those people who immersed themselves in devotion to Vishnu. (HOTS; Delhi 2016) à¤à¥à¤°à¥à¤¨à¤¾ à¤µà¤¾à¤¯à¤°à¤¸ à¤¸à¥ à¤¬à¤à¥à¤, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. The One Lord: Here is a composition attributed to Kabir Tell me, brother, how can there be No one lord of the world but two? The most important theme of Sufi philosophy was that serving people is the true religion. Ans: During the period of the 10th Century to the 17th Century, an important trend noticed in the religious life in India […] In the middle of the compound, there is a pond, which is artificially made. God is called by many names. The Chishtis accepted donations in cash and kind. taking an oath of allegiance, wearing a patched garment and shaving the hair. MCQ Questions for Class 12 History: Ch 6 Bhakti-Sufi traditions. The Sultans wanted their tombs to be in the vicinity of sufi shrines and hospices. Question 16. (All India 2015) Answer: The propagator of the Great and Little (Brahat-Laghu) tradition: Answer: Robert Redfield Question 2. Similarity Both Lingayats and Nayanars protested against caste system and the dominance of Brahmanas. In this regard, they initiated a movement to protest against the caste system and the dominance of Brahmanas or at least attempted to reform the system. But they should allow the padris to build a church, so that they would follow their own religion. (Delhi 2012) Answer: Explain with examples what historians mean by the integration of cults. (Delhi Z016) Answer: Similarity They both ignored rituals and observed extreme forms of asceticism. The importance of the traditions of the Alvars and Nayanars was sometimes indicated by the claim that their compositions were as important as the Vedas. Here you can read Chapter 6 of Class 12 History NCERT Book. By the 11th century Sufism evolved into a well developed movement. All those who adopted Islam accepted the five pillars of this religion. Question 20. Guru Nanak Dev did not wish to establish a new religion. For instance, one of the major anthologies of compositions by the Alvars, the Nalayira Divyaprabandham, was frequently described as the Tamil Veda, thus claiming that the text was as significant as the four Vedas in Sanskrit that were cherished by the Brahmanas: RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions Free PDF Download, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (Python), NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (C++), NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Micro Economics, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Macro Economics, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Entrepreneurship, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Computer Science (Python), NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Entrepreneurship, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Indian Economic Development, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Sanchayan, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Sparsh, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Kshitiz, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Kritika, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Foundation of Information Technology, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Foundation of IT, PS Verma and VK Agarwal Biology Class 9 Solutions, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, Periodic Classification of Elements Class 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10. Other sufis such as the Suhrawardi under the Delhi Sultans and the Naqshbandi under the Mughals were also associated with the state. (b) Kabir Granthavali. Sep 12,2020 - Theme 6 - Bhakti-Sufi traditions History Class 12 is created by the best Humanities/Arts teachers for Humanities/Arts preparation. Both Nayanars and Alvars were revered (admire) by the Vellala peasants. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 Value Based Questions, Answer: 14. He used the terms Alakh (Unseen), Nirakar (Formless), Brahman, Atman, etc to describe the ultimate reality. 8 OR Here, devotees can take bath or wash themselves before offering Namaz. It developed a body of literature on Quranic studies and Sufi practices. Point out one difference and one similarity between Be-Shari’a and Ba-Shari’a Sufi traditions. She adopted the path of extreme asceticism in order to attain her goal. The practice of selecting Guru was followed for nearly 200 years by his followers. The ninth Guru, whose compositions were compiled in the Guru Granth Sahib was: 11. Point out any two similarities between the philosophy of Kabir and Guru Nanak Dev. They worshipped Shiva in his manifestation as a linga and usually wore a small linga in a silver case on a loop strung over their left shoulder. Answer: Vishnu Question 3. Further, their piety and scholarship, and people’s belief in their miraculous powers made sufis popular among the masses, whose support kings wished to secure. Kabir’s poems have been a source of inspiration to those who questioned rigid and unrooted social institutions, ideas and practices in search of God. Answer: Special rituals for initiation were followed, e.g. Karaikkal Ammaiyar was the greatest figure of _____ tradition. These won the large number of followers among the marginalised section of the society. The two scriptures in which verses of Kabir are found are: He described the ultimate reality as Allah, Khuda, Hazrat and Pir. Several terms from the vedantic traditions, such as Alakh, Nirakar, Brahmana, Atman were also taken. Name the major anthology compiled by the Alvars which is also described as the Tamil Veda. Whereas it reached our eminent and holy notice that the padris (fathers) of the Holy Society of Jesus wish to build a house of prayer (Church) in the city of Kambayat (Khambat, in Gujarat); therefore an exalted mandate… is being issued… that the dignitaries of the city of Kambayat should in no case stand in their way but should allow them to build a Church so that they may engage themselves in their own worship. Kabir’s poems have survived in several languages and dialects. Who led you so astray? Answer: Chapter Wise … Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. (HOTS; Compartment 2013) 2. Because of her behaviour, her in-laws once tried to poison her, but she managed to escape the in-laws home and preferred to live as a wandering saint and composing the songs of bhakti and love for the Krishna. (a) Kabir Bijak The Lingayats disapproved certain practices of the Dharmashashtras. Some of the earliest bhakti movements were led by the Alvars (literally, those who were immersed in devotion to Vishnu) and Nayanars (who were devotees of Shiva). Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 Source Based Questions. A Church in Khambat: Performing the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj). 2 marks question Q1- what does bhakti movement mean? Scroll down for Bhakti- Sufi Traditions from NCERT Book Class 12 History Book & important … The traditions, he drew to describe ultimate reality through his poems are: Answer: NCERT Class 12 History Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts . How did Karaikkal Ammaiyar become the greatest figure of Nayanar tradition? How are they preserved? The teachings of Baba Guru Nanak are as follows. The main reason for this opposition was competition between members of other religious traditions for royal patronage. So the category of Zimmi meaning protected was developed by the Muslim rulers for Jews, Christians, Hindus and other non-Muslims who lived under Muslim leadership. 1. Sufi Silsila began to flourish in different parts of Islamic world around the 12th century. According to him, the absolute or ‘rab’ had no gender or any specific form. Both Kabir and Guru Nanak Dev advocated a form of Nirguna Bhakti. Kabir described the ‘Ultimate Reality’ by drawing the ranges of traditions such as from Islam, he had drawn the Ultimate Reality as Allah, Khuda, Hazrat and Pir. However, this was by no mean a situation of absolute isolation from political power. Mosque is regarded as the basis of Islamic religious life. We can understand his message which were spelt out in his teachings and hymns called Shabad in Punjabi. We the people of different religions worship him differently, but God is the ultimate reality and he is one. Answer: (Delhi 2014) Question 25. Sources to understand Bhakti and sufi traditions. 2. They all had to pay a tax called ‘Jizya’ and gained the right to be protected by the Muslim leaders. Mention any two universal architectural features of Mosque. Why were shudras and women excluded from vedic learning in vedic period? Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 Source Based Questions. Distinctions are only in words that we invent. Identify the relationship between the Sufis and the state from the eighth to the eighteenth century. It makes evident in the placement of the milirab (prayer niche) and the minbar (pulpit). Class 12 - History - Bhakti-Sufi Tradition . The message of Guru Nanak Devji was based on divinity. The One Lord: Question 18. Answer: Question 12. It indicates that she did not recognise the bonds of caste system and the practices of the society. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. Both the traditions are preserved in the following ways: Question 10. If you have any problem in finding the correct answers of Themes in Indian History II Textbook then you can find here.This page will help in finding those NCERT Solutions of books.Here you find complete chapter detailed questions and answers of Class 12 History.The answer of each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout … Defiance of social barriers: In some traditions, Mirabai has been mentioned as a disciple of Raidas, a leather worker. peasants, artisans, warriors, merchants, etc. Isn’t it gold all the same? Answer: Some historians suggest that the Alvars and Nayanars initiated a movement of protest against the caste system and the dominance of Brahmanas or atleast attempted to reform the system. HISTORY(027) CLASS-XII Time Allowed:3hrs. Followers of Basavanna were known as Virashaivas or Lingayats. the Islamic law. Who led you so astray? 1. The significance of Kabir’s poems is as follows: Source of Inspiration: Several Mughal rulers like Akbar and Aurangzeb gave land endowments and granted tax exemption to other, religious institutions and expressed respect and devotion towards non-Muslim religious leaders. Mention any two aspects of it. What was the attitude of Alvars and Nayanars towards caste system? Historians also got information from the biographies of saints written by their followers. This was also the period when some of the most spectacular representations of Shiva in bronze scuplture were produced. The situation in the sub-continent became complicated, as there were enough population outside Islam. remembrance of God’s name. How did Akbar ensure that their desire was fulfilled? . PDF download free. Mosque has orientation towards Mecca. The Sufi saint who was addressed as Sultan-ul-mashaikh, by his disciples, was, 4. It stretched as an unbroken spiritual lineage to the prophet Muhammad. Answer: Nalayira Divyaprabandham complied by the Alvars is also described as the Tamil Veda. They believed that on death the devotee would be united with Shiva and would not return to this world. Answer: Download CBSE Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions Notes in pdf, History chapter notes, class notes mind maps formulas Revision Notes CBSE Class XII History - Bhakti-Sufi Traditions. The Collection of Saiva hymns by Appar, Sambandhar […] From eighth to eighteenth century striking features was a visibility of wide range of gods and goddesses in sculpture and texts. During the period of the 10th Century to the 17th Century, an important trend noticed in the religious life in India is […] Pilgrimage, called Ziyarat to the tombs of Sufi saints is very common all over the Muslim world. Key concepts in nutshell. Answer: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. Question 4. Give your own views as well. One kills the goat, the other cows. Do you agree with Kabir? For example, the disciples of Nizamuddin Auliya addressed him as Sultan-ul-Mashaikh (literally, Sultan amongst Shaikhs). Studyrankers is a free educational platform for cbse k-12 students. Still she and her songs are popular among the poor or ‘low caste’ population in the State of Gujarat and Rajasthan. They did not accept the theory of rebirth. Class 12 History Quick Revision notes Chapter 6 Bhakti Sufi Traditions. 9. The realtionship of the Alvars and Nayanars of Tamil Nadu with the state is discussed below: Thus, are can say that the Chola rulers had intimate relations with the both Alvars and Nayanars as they had much honour and status in the society. Question 6. However, the Be-Shari’a were not bound by it. The padris (fathers) of the Holy Society of Jesus wanted to build a house of prayer i.e. The historians tried to reconstruct Kabir’s life and timings through a study of compositions attributed to him and later hagiographies. Two aspects of it are: Question 9. Question 22. The’Kabir Granthavali is associated with the Dadupanth in Rajasthan. By these efforts, people from various social backgrounds joined the movement, ranging from Brahmanas to artisans and cultivators and even from the castes considered ‘untouchable’. These textual sources included composition attributed to poet saints. BHAKTI SUFI TRADITIONS. For her intense love of Krishna, she rejected all the comforts of her husband’s palace and donned the saffron robe of the renouncer or the white robe of widow.