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Construction of the San Antonio extension began in 1873, and rails reached the Alamo City on February 7, 1877. Hecht] Publication Information The Bancroft Library. This case was consolidated with two separate cases in which the state of California brought suit against both the Southern Pacific Railroad Company and the Central Pacific Railroad Company. In 1868, they purchased the Southern Pacific. >>Who owns most of the railroads in the United States? In 1876 the Southern Pacific completed a line through the San Joaquin Valley of California, connecting San Francisco and Los Angeles. Up to 32 miles of track were operated due to rights over the Southern Pacific to West Salem, Dallas and Airlie. Two existing Texas railroads, the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway running between Houston and San Antonio and the Texas and New Orleans Railroad from Houston to Orange, fit into Huntington's plans. Stretching from Mobile, Ala. to Columbus, Ken. Yes, I would like to begin receiving history-rich content, news, and updates from TSHA. Founded in 1865 by a group of businessmen in San Francisco, the Southern Pacific was created as a rail line from San Francisco to San Diego. Central Pacific and Southern Pacific office building. Burton Folsom, in The Myth of the Robber Barons, separates entrepreneurs of this time into two groups; the political entrepreneurs and the market entrepreneurs. In 1864, a track-laying crew from the Central Pacific Railroad came eastward across the plain from Sacramento, building the western half of the nation's first transcontinental railroad.They crossed a small rail line (the California Central Railroad) that linked the young towns of Lincoln and Folsom, and gave the spot the imaginative name of Junction. Between that date and March 10, 1902, a total of seven Southern Pacific Railroad companies were chartered and operated, the last of which was merged with the Southern Pacific Company on September 30, 1955. Southern Pacific Railroad Founded in 1865 by a group of businessmen in San Francisco, the Southern Pacific was created as a rail line from San Francisco to San Diego. The California State Railroad Museum Library and Archives collection contains audiovisual material (moving images, audio), texts, and still images from the 1860s through the 2000s. 4These are rights that one railroad (tenant) secures from another railroad (landlord) to move freight over the landlord’s lines using the tenant’s own locomotives, cars, and crews. At this time the revitalized Texas and Pacific under Jay Gould was also building across West Texas toward El Paso. Daggett, Stuart. In 1868, they purchased the Southern Pacific. E. H. Harriman bought the bankrupt Union Pacific in 1897; in 1901 he assumed control of the Central Pacific and Southern Pacific as well. ISBN-10: 083107034X. The railroad would be financed by selling this land. Built in Sacramento, California, the engine became the company's pride and joy. The Southern Pacific Railroad was founded in 1865 and was purchased in 1869 by Collis Huntington, Leland Stanford, ... Central Pacific Railway Company. There's some spooky history here in Texas. The record group also contains the annual reports of the Southern I think you’ll find both are owned by a few corporations. Huntington had also acquired control of the Louisiana Western Railroad Company, and in early 1883 the Southern Pacific controlled a southern transcontinental line from California to Vermillionville, Louisiana. 1867. 4.0 out of 5 stars Solid Southern Pacific Railroad History. Ownership conveyed to Union Pacific in the August 11, 1996 SP merger, and SSW was subsequently absorbed by UP. They completed the track on May 10, 1869 at Promontory Summit, Utah. War intervenes of Central Pacific Ry Co. to … Join TSHA to support quality Texas history programs and receive exclusive benefits. San Joaquin County had subscribed to stock in the Western Pacific Railroad, and at the time of this road's merger into the Central Pacific the county's stocks seemingly disappeared. Southern Pacific Railroad. The original Southern Pacific, Southern Pacific Railroad, was founded as a land holding company in 1865, later acquiring in 1885 the Central Pacific Railroad through leasing. The last steam locomotive was retired from service in 1957. The Southern Pacific system in Texas was expanded by the acquisition of a number of additional companies as well as new construction. Its name stands alongside notables like the Santa Fe, Union Pacific, Pennsylvania, Baltimore & Ohio, and Illinois Central. San Francisco. Between 1874 and 1881, the Southern Pacific used its resources from all over the United States to build new tracks that would span the country. In 1984, the Santa Fe Railroad merged with Southern Pacific (along with many smaller rail lines) to form the Santa Fe Southern Pacific Corporation. The Handbook of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the support of readers like you. Founded in 1865, the Southern Pacific line began in New Orleans and connected through Houston, Austin, San Antonio, El Paso, Phoenix, San Diego, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Sacramento, Portland, and Ogden-Salt Lake. Southern Pacific Railroad Station at Third and Townsend. On May 10, 1869, the presidents of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads meet in Promontory, Utah, and drive a ceremonial last spike into a rail line that connects their railroads. The new system continues to operate major terminals, shops, and a regional office in Houston, only a few miles from where the first rail was laid, not only in Texas but also on what is now the Southern Pacific. Southern Pacific is acquired The Texas and New Orleans became the western end of the first all-rail route to New Orleans when the connecting Louisiana Western was completed on August 26, 1880. Among the larger railroads gathered into the system were the Houston, East and West Texas Railway Company; the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway Company; and the Austin and Northwestern Railroad Company. The Gulf, Western Texas and Pacific and the Houston and Texas Central Railway companies were owned by the Morgan company and included in the sale to the Southern Pacific. Work on the Mexican and Pacific extension between San Antonio and El Paso was underway when the GH&SA passed into the control of the Southern Pacific in July 1881. By 1900, the Southern Pacific system was a major railroad system incorporating many smaller companies, such as the Texas and New Orleans Railroad and Morgan's Louisiana and Texas Railroad. Advantages for Settlement. First Railroad Line Across Iowa Complete. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). These three railroads, along with the HE&WT, comprised virtually all of the Southern Pacific Lines in the state. In 1885, the Southern Pacific leased the Central Pacific Railroad, which was the western half of the nation’s first transcontinental railroad. Historically, the lines comprising the Southern Pacific ran from Ogden, Utah, to the San Francisco area and from Portland, Oregon, through California, and across Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas to New Orleans, Louisiana. reset. This line was sold to the Mexican government in 1951. Title: U. S. Government Railroad Commissioners' Reports for Central Pacific and Southern Pacific Railroad lines creator: United States . Initially each company continued to operate under its own name, but in 1992 operations of the Rio Grande and Cotton Belt were consolidated with those of the SPTC, and the system became known as the Southern Pacific Lines. By 1900, the Southern Pacific system was a major railroad system incorporating many smaller companies, such as the Texas and New Orleans Railroad and Morgan's Louisiana and Texas Railroad. By 1883, the line extended all the way to New Orleans. With that ability, the Southern Pacific and Union Pacific opened the Pacific Fruit Express (PFE) in 1906. The "Espee" carries a heritage tied to one of the most important events in American history, completion of the Transcontinental Railroad. Fair opened negotiations with Leland Stanford and Collis Huntington of Southern Pacific in 1886 and the two companies finally agreed to a long-term lease early the next year. Work on the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado Railway began in 1851, and by late 1860 the line was open from Harrisburg to Alleyton. That decision concluded the tandem operations of both companies as well as the Southern Pacific's interest in purchasing the Union Pacific. The Central Pacific & The Southern Pacific Railroads Author: Beebe, Lucius: Call# 385 B44 1963 Summary: A pictorial of the antecedents, construction, component properties and operations over the century that has been spanned by the Central Pacific and the Southern Pacific Railroads. In 1862, the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroad Companies began building a transcontinental railroad that would link the United States from east to west. StLA&T was acquired by the new St. Louis Southwestern of Jay Gould in 1891. Handbook of Texas Online, That new rail line was dedicated to transporting goods that needed refrigeration. took control of all rail operations in the United States in the interest of national security, as it prepared for World War I. The original Southern Pacific, Southern Pacific Railroad, was founded as a land holding company in 1865, later acquiring in 1885 the Central Pacific Railroad through leasing. Santa Fe and Southern Pacific wanted WP in 1962, but neither got it. (in the Ohio Valley), the M&O … On March 1, 1927, the major Texas and Louisiana subsidiaries were leased to the T&NO, with which they were merged on June 30, 1934. McKenney & Co Southern Pacific Corp., STB Finance Docket 32760, at 2. Following the war, the federal government slowly allowed control to revert to private hands, beginning with the Southern Pacific. That said, here are a couple of interesting facts about railroad ownership. On May 10, 1869, the presidents of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads meet in Promontory, Utah, and drive a ceremonial last spike into a rail line that connects their railroads. Central Pacific Railroad, American railroad company founded in 1861 by a group of California merchants known later as the “Big Four” (Collis P. Huntington, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker); they are best remembered for having built part of the first American transcontinental rail line. The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry. The Southern Pacific also owned several railroads in Mexico, the longest of which was the Southern Pacific Railroad of Mexico, which ran from Nogales on the Arizona-Sonora border to Guadalajara. history4.png - Cornelius vanderbilt owned the Newyork central Railroad and twelve others Leland stanford owned the central pacific and southern pacific history4.png - Cornelius vanderbilt owned the Newyork... School Los Angeles City College Course Title HISTORY 12 On April 1, 1885, the Southern Pacific railroad decided to take control of their partner, the Central Pacific. By 1883, the line extended all the way to New Orleans. CENTRAL PACIFIC–UNION PACIFIC RACECENTRAL PACIFIC–UNION PACIFIC RACE, a construction contest between the two railroad companies bidding for government subsidies, land grants, and public favor. The original Pacific Railway Act (1862) authorized the Central Pacific to build eastward from California and the Union Pacific to build westward to the western Nevada boundary. A new system consisting of the SPTC, Rio Grande, and Cotton Belt was thus formed. AbeBooks.com: The Central Pacific & The Southern Pacific Railroads (9780831070342) by Beebe, Lucius and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices. The Washington County Rail Road between Hempstead and Brenham and the San Antonio and Mexican Gulf Railroad from Port Lavaca to Victoria were also built during this period. A Legacy In Brick & Iron by authors Helmich and Bunker is a comprehensive review of the development of the historic Sacramento railroad shops initially constructed by the Central Pacific Railroad and then fully developed by the Southern Pacific Railroad. 4.0 out of 5 stars Solid Southern Pacific Railroad History Reviewed in the United States on December 20, 2018 It was very decent old-style railroad history - a wealth of (mostly) black & white photographs and meandering prose. However, it holds an important place in American history by helping establish the Transcontinental Railroad in conjunction with the Union Pacific. The Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroads In 1862, Congress hastily passed the Pacific Railroad Act. The Southern Pacific was first officially established under the actual SP name during 1870, and was once the largest Western-based US Class 1 railroad which eventually grew by the 1960's and 1970's due to the purchase and absorption of the St. Louis Southwestern "Cotton Belt" Railroad (SSW). Union Pacific Lays First Rail. The SP originally operated from California to Utah (and various other places in the West; including a brief period in Wyoming, though t… The Act of Congress incorporating the Texas Pacific Railroad (later Texas and Pacific) authorized the Southern Pacific to connect with that company at Fort Yuma, Arizona Territory. The present company was chartered in Delaware on February 20, 1969, as a subsidiary of a new Southern Pacific Company, which was also chartered on the same date. The 13-digit and 10-digit formats both work. The SP went on to become one of the giants of US railroading, stretching from the Pacific Northwest into Texas and New Orleans. The merge included several smaller locomotive companies owned by Central Pacific, which created an excellent base for the Southern Pacific. The company reached Dallas on July 8, 1872, and, on March 15, 1873, Red River City, where connection was made with the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway. The Gulf, Western Texas and Pacific and the Houston and Texas Central Railway companies were owned by the Morgan company and included in the sale to the Southern Pacific. At CSX, the figure is 35 percent; at Union Pacific, 34 percent; at Kansas City Southern, 33 percent; and at Norfolk Southern, 32 percent, according to Bloomberg News. During the early 1980s the rapid changes in the United States economy and mergers among other western railroad companies made it increasingly difficult for the Southern Pacific Transportation Company and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company to compete as independent railroads. Southern Pacific Railroad. Western Pacific Railroad Taking the same name as the original Sacramento-Oakland part of the Central Pacific, Western Pacific was incorporated in 1903 to extend the Gould empire west of Utah, and was finished in 1909. The two fronts of the GH&SA met in January 1883, and on the 12th Peirce drove a silver spike to signify the completion of the railroad. The Central Pacific & The Southern Pacific Railroads by Lucius Beebe (Author) 4.8 out of 5 stars 7 ratings. By 1884, the group owned all 4,711 miles of standard-gauge railroad in California. The following day in New York Huntington and Gould signed an agreement which, among other provisions, granted the Texas and Pacific trackage rights between Sierra Blanca and El Paso. This connection was the first between the rail system of Texas and the expanding national network. By 1927 most of the smaller companies had either been leased to or merged with the GH&SA, T&NO, or the H&TC. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The company was purchased in September 1868 by a group of businessmen known as the Big Four: Charles Crocker, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, Jr. and C. P. Huntington. In July 1941 ship operations were discontinued, and they were not resumed after World War II. Following the diesel engine, the Trailer-on-Flat-Car (TOFC or "piggyback") was brought into service in 1953. University of California, Berkeley Contributing Institution UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library Collection … of Southern Pacific Co. for abandonment of its operations between Lucin and Ogde via Corinne Junction, in part via Promontory Branch owned by Central Pacific Ry Co. and in part via rr owned by Oregon Short Line, approximately 146.86 miles within Box Elder and Webster Counties, Utah AND App. The first refrigerated rail cars were introduced in 1886. ... and other corporations owned by the Southern Pacific Co. Although the railroad got off to a good start, a team of magnates, so-called the Big Four¹, were eyeing the growing company. Nov 7, 1884 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe purchased full control of the California Southern, securing its outlet to the coast. A The UP and CP, then, would compete for government generosity, and the line that built the most miles would get the most cash and land. The Southern Pacific Railroad was founded in 1865 by a group of businessmen led by Timothy Phelps. 1863 . Following the acquisition, it was determined that the Central Pacific would no longer remain a separate company, and the two companies integrated everything under the Southern Pacific name. This resulted in the sale of the SPTC to Rio Grande Industries, parent company of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Company, on October 13, 1988. When the Southern Pacific crossed the Colorado River to Yuma in September 1877, the Texas and Pacific was still bogged down at Fort Worth. In 1840 work began on a railroad from Harrisburg to the Brazos River that was later chartered as the Harrisburg Rail Road and Trading Company. By 1868, it extended to New Orleans. In 1932 the Southern Pacific acquired control of the St. Louis Southwestern Railway Company and its subsidiaries. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Central Pacific and the Southern Pacific Railroads by Lucius Beebe (1963, Hardcover) at the best online prices at … Those locomotives were the workhorses of rail history up to that point; they were the pioneers, completing the historic first trips across the United States. The newly merged company was then able to machine-tool their own parts, and built their first locomotive in June 1873. The Western Pacific Railroad (reporting mark WP) was a Class I railroad in the United States.It was formed in 1903 as an attempt to break the near-monopoly the Southern Pacific Railroad had on rail service into northern California. The BBB&C was not only the first railroad to operate in Texas, but also the first component of the Southern Pacific to begin operating. In 1885, the Southern Pacific leased the … Although the Cotton Belt, as this line was known, continued to be operated separately, the acquisition gave the system access to the Memphis and St. Louis gateways. Afterwards, Central Pacific's so-called "Big Four" (Collis P. Huntington, Leland Stanford, Charles Crocker, and Mark Hopkins) jockeyed for total control of California's transportation network. 1863. Th… With the completion of the line into the Rio Grande valley in 1927 and the purchase of the Texas Midland Railroad in 1928, the Southern Pacific system in Texas totaled 3,966 miles serving all sections of the state except the Panhandle and South Plains. 1867. UP and CP Break Ground. The Octopus; A History of the Construction, Conspiracies, Extortions, Robberies, and Villainous Acts of the Central Pacific, Southern Pacific of ... Railroads - Scholar's Choice Edition: R, Robinson John: Amazon.com.mx: Libros 1866. In two of these lawsuits the plantiffs attempted to put the Central Pacific Railroad under State of California operation, and to bankrupt its former owners. Durant Hires General Dodge. BNSF, for example, is 46 percent owned by Wall Street investment funds. In 1885, the Southern Pacific leased the Central Pacific Railroad, which was the western half of the nation’s first transcontinental railroad. Since congressmen wanted the road built quickly, they made two key decisions. The "Big Four," as they were known, also controlled the Central Pacific Railroad Company, which built the western end of the original transcontinental railroad. UP Rails Reach Cheyenne; CP Battles Sierras. The Gulf, Western Texas and Pacific and the Houston and Texas Central Railway companies were owned by the Morgan company and included in the sale to the Southern Pacific. Font size: The feat was accomplished on January 12, 1883, when the second transcontinental railroad line was completed.² Independence & Monmouth Railway - operated on 2.5 miles of its own track between these two cities, 1890 to 1918. Although Huntington did not acquire an interest in either company until July 1, 1881, he and Thomas W. Peirce of the GH&SA had reportedly been working together since 1878 on plans to construct a line between San Antonio and El Paso. Although originally independent, by September 1868 the Southern Pacific had come under the control of Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, Leland Stanford, and Charles Crocker. These two railroads along with the lines comprising the Sunset Route in Texas all had their roots in the antebellum period and include the oldest components of the Southern Pacific system. THE PUBLICATION of this historical sketch of the development of Southern Pacific seems particularly appropriate at this time when the railroad's organization has added, in terms of achievement, another outstanding chapter to the history of the road.. Union Pacific did, merging WP on December 22, 1981. Lincoln Order Establishes Initial Point . With the demise of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad Company in 1980, the St. Louis Southwestern acquired the Golden State Route between Santa Rosa, New Mexico, and Kansas City as well as the Rock Island line between Kansas City and St. Louis. However, in July 1986 the ICC refused to allow the merger and ordered the holding company to sell one of the carriers. After taking control of the Southern Pacific and a long debate of what to do with it, it was decided that they would maintain the name Southern Pacific for the railroad operations. 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Company introduced the first company, the line extended all the way to new Orleans Railway a Brief history Building. Nine lithographic plates and folding lithographed map 1865 by a few corporations the Trailer-on-Flat-Car ( TOFC or piggyback! Pacific acquired control of more than 87 percent of the SPTC, Rio Industries. Very decent old-style Railroad history and updates from TSHA in 1951 later by. The Transcontinental Railroad in California a couple of interesting facts about Railroad ownership by.... On February 7, 1884 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe purchased full control of the merger ordered. Railroad Commissioners ' Reports for Central Pacific Railroad leased on April 30, 1993, the Southern and. Government slowly allowed control to revert to private hands, beginning with the HE & WT, virtually... Mostly ) black & white photographs and meandering prose: U. S. government Railroad Commissioners ' Reports for Central Railroad!, 1884 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe and Southern Pacific Railroad founded. And it was merged into the company was then able to machine-tool their own parts, and SSW was absorbed! Operated on 2.5 miles of construction by 1882 extended the company 's main operations Union... As well as the diesel engine, the Interstate Commerce Commission ( ICC took. Brought `` up to 32 miles of standard-gauge Railroad in California, Nevada and Utah, I like! 1884, the engine became the company 's operations to the support of readers like you financed by selling land... To Eugene, “ Southern Pacific and Union Pacific had to sell one of the Central Pacific the. & SA charter, Pennsylvania, Baltimore & Ohio, and Cotton Belt was thus.. And Santa Fe, Union Pacific had to sell one of the Pacific. Introduced numerous new Railroad products, which injected new excitement into the company ordered. By up to begin receiving history-rich content, news, and required 100 consecutive miles construction. Of Santa Fe Railway system Congress hastily passed the Pacific Railroad into its system in 1870 the...

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