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transcontinental railroad example

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Most of them eventually disappeared, but others, such as Laramie, Wyoming, evolved into towns that provided rail terminals and repair facilities. In effect, they stumbled into a business model where the public takes the risk and those taking the subsidies reap the gain.”. Here are some of the ways that the first transcontinental railroad—and the many other transcontinental lines that followed it—changed America. November 17th, 2017 The Transcontinental Railroad is a marvel of engineering and perseverance. Map of the transcontinental route of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad and its connections, circa 1883. Towns and cities that sprung up along the railroad further encroached upon what had been wild areas. Transcontinental Railroad Fact Sheet Prior to the opening of the transcontinental railroad, it took four to six months to travel 2000 miles from the Missouri River to California by wagon. In addition to helping invent the telegraph, Samuel Morse ...read more, Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer known as the father of modern astronomy. This sample term paper is intended for reading purposes only. Transcontinental Railroad summary: The First Transcontinental Railroad was built crossing the western half of America and it was pieced together between 1863 and 1869. Major stockholders in the Union Pacific Railroad formed a company, the Crédit Mobilier of America, and gave it contracts to build the railroad. How to use transcontinental in a sentence. The “creation of the said rail trail in 1832 specifically allowed for the advocating of better trade transport” (Tzu-Kuei, 1999). After General Grenville Dodge, a hero of the Union Army, took control as chief engineer, the Union Pacific finally began to move westward in May 1866. The Transcontinental Railroad Was Initiated During the Civil War. As Ronda says, “It’s one of the transformative moments in American history.”. Feasts of antelope, trout, berries and Champagne. In 1865, after struggling with retaining workers due to the difficulty of the labor, Charles Crocker (who was in charge of construction for the Central Pacific) began hiring Chinese laborers. Facts, information and articles about Transcontinental Railroad, an event of Westward Expansion from the Wild West. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. It was built between 1862 and 1869 across the United States. By early 1869, the companies were working only miles from each other, and in March the newly inaugurated President Ulysses S. Grant announced he would withhold federal funds until the two railroad companies agreed on a meeting point. The First Transcontinental Railroad, which linked the east and west coasts, was an innovation which made crossing the United States safer, faster, and cheaper than any previous route across land or water. In the West, the Central Pacific would be dominated by the “Big Four”–Charles Crocker, Leland Stanford, Collis Huntington and Mark Hopkins. Map of the transcontinental route of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad and its connections, circa 1883. The history of the United States has been influenced by England in many ways. The railroad disrupted intertribal trade on the Plains, and thereby broke a core aspect of Cheyenne economic life. By 1880, the transcontinental railroad was transporting $50 million worth of freight each year. The transcontinental railroad had a major effect on how Americans perceived their nation, and it became a symbol of America’s growing industrial power and a source of confidence that led them to take on even more ambitious quests. transcontinental railroad A train route across the United States, finished in 1869. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. A transcontinental railroad or transcontinental railway is contiguous railroad trackage that crosses a continental land mass and has terminals at different oceans or continental borders. Building of the Transcontinental Railroad, circa 1869. The Transcontinental Railroad dramatically altered ecosystems. Over the next seven years, the two companies would race toward each other from Sacramento, California on the one side to Omaha, Nebraska on the other, struggling against great risks before they met at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869. “When you’re walking or riding a horse, you experience the world one way, but when you’re sitting in a railroad car, you see it differently,” he says. Five miles long, the track ran from St. Louis to Cheltanham, Missouri. The Transcontinental RailroadsThe Transcontinental Railroad consisted of ten major railroads that together would span the distance between the East and West Coasts of the United States. The Transcontinental Railroad Was A Marvel Of Engineering And Perseverance 1148 Words | 5 Pages. “Together they gave the United States the single largest market in the world, which provided the basis for the rapid expansion of American industry and agriculture to the point where the U.S. by the 1890s had the most powerful economy on the planet.”. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. In 1869 the First Transcontinental Railroad was completed in the United States. In 1862, the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroad Companies began building a transcontinental railroad that would link the United States from east to … But once the railroad was built, the cost of a coast-to-coast trip became 85 percent less expensive. As it is written by other students it can serve as a valuable example of how essays or term papers should be written. To blast through the mountains, the Central Pacific built huge wooden trestles on the western slopes and used gunpowder and nitroglycerine to blast tunnels through the granite. The completion of these railroads brought change, both for good and bad, and had an enormous impact on the United States and other countries of the world. By the summer of 1867, the Union Pacific was in Wyoming, having covered nearly four times as much ground as the Central Pacific. Prior to its construction, most railways were horse-drawn and used to haul freight such as coal over short distances. The Union Pacific Railroad was the eastern half of the Transcontinental Railroad. Huge database of popular free topics, dozen types of essays, term papers, case studies on Transcontinental Railroad. For instance, it brought thousands of hunters who killed the bison Native people relied on. (By contrast, the work force of the Union Pacific was mainly Irish immigrants and Civil War veterans.) Examples of continents are North America, Australia, and They sold or gave shares in this ...read more, 1. 3 Leland Stanford, “Statement Made to the President of the United States, and Secretary of the Interior, of Progress of the Work” (Sacramento: H. S. Crocker & Co., 1865). As Richard White, author of Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America, says, “They put little of their own money in it —they didn’t have much. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. It was the project of two railroad companies: the Union Pacific built from the east, and the Central Pacific built from the west. The Union Pacific. The first freight train to travel eastward from California carried a load of Japanese tea. The sources used are books written by historians, quotes from important figures, and articles written in the time period. Building the transcontinental railroad meant crossing all sorts of terrain, often involving trestles, bridges and tunnels. There was a time when traveling from the East Coast to the West Coast meant riding for months in a horse-drawn wagon or stagecoach, or sailing southward to Panama and then crossing the Isthmus to board another ship for a journey up the other coast. Some 21,000 workers—from Irish-American Civil War veterans, freed slaves and Mormon pioneers to Chinese laborers—had been recruited to perform the hard and often dangerous work of laying the 1,776 miles of track. As Ronda notes, the first transcontinental railroad—and other transcontinental lines that followed—made it possible to sell products far and wide without a physical storefront, and enabled people all over the country to furnish their homes and keep up with the latest fashion trends. The overland journey–across mountains, plains, rivers and deserts–was risky and difficult, and many westward migrants instead chose to travel by sea, taking the six-month route around Cape Horn at the tip of South America, or risking yellow fever and other diseases by crossing the Isthmus of Panama and traveling via ship to San Francisco. The Transcontinental railroad purpose of being built was to cause positive things to happen in the US and positive things did result from the railroad. Thesis: The transcontinental railroad greatly increased Westward expansion in. While the railroad's construction was a mammoth undertaking, its effects on the country were equally profound. Trans… During that same period, the first settlers began to move westward across the United States; this trend increased dramatically after the discovery of gold in California in 1849. At a signal from one of the other officials present on this historic day, Rice poured the water into the Pacific Ocean. There was a time when traveling from the East Coast to the West Coast meant riding for months in a horse-drawn wagon or stagecoach, or sailing southward to Panama and then crossing the Isthmus to board another ship for a journey up the other coast. For example, westward expansion increased because of the railroad. In an 1872 article, naturalist John Muir wrote that the transcontinental railroad “annihilated” time and space. Liverpool and Manchester Railway The opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in September 1830 marked the dawn of steam-powered rail travel. Another large example of abandonment exists near Donner Pass. Ramshackle settlements popped up wherever the railroad went, turning into hotbeds of drinking, gambling, prostitution and violence and producing the enduring mythology of the “Wild West.”. The Pacific Railway Acts provided the development of the First Transcontinental Railroad. In the 1760s, the Scottish inventor began tinkering with an earlier version of the ...read more, Developed in the 1830s and 1840s by Samuel Morse (1791-1872) and other inventors, the telegraph revolutionized long-distance communication. TransContinental Railroad If any act symbolized the taming of the Northwest frontier, it was the driving of the final spike to complete the nations first transcontinental railroad.1 The first railroad west of the Mississippi River was opened on December 23, 1852. By 1861, Judah had enlisted a group of investors in Sacramento to form the Central Pacific Railroad Company. Did you know? After the railroad was completed, the price dropped to $150 dollars. Chinese American Labor on the Transcontinental Railroad Pages: 9 (2221 words) The Trancontinental Railroad Pages: 10 (2407 words) Underground Railroad Pages: 9 (2141 words) Thirteen Colonies United Country To Transcontinental Nation Pages: 4 (806 words) After this lesson, students will be able to: 1. explain the impact of the Transcontinental Railroad on travel in America 2. compare and contrast travel before and after the Transcontinental Railroad 3. discuss the hardships faced by workers building the Transcontinental Railroad Additionally, about 7,000 cities and towns across the country began as Union Pacific depots and water stops. The possibility of railroads connecting the Atlantic and Pacific coasts was discussed in the Congress even before the treaty with England which settled the question of the Oregon boundary in 1846. Building of the Transcontinental Railroad, circa 1869. But that all changed on May 10, ...read more, Velvet cushions and gilt-framed mirrors. By mid-1862, the United States … With the completion of the track, the travel time for making the 3,000-mile journey across the United States was cut from a matter of months to under a week. Chinese immigrants working on the Northwest Pacific Railway in the 1880s. Both companies then headed towards Salt Lake City, cutting many corners (including building shoddy bridges or sections of track that would have to be rebuilt later) in their race to get ahead. “The Constitution provided the legal framework for a single national market for trade goods; the transcontinental railroad provided the physical framework,” explains Henry W. Brands, a history professor at the University of Texas at Austin, and author of Dreams of El Dorado: A History of the American West. The original golden spike is now part of the collection of Stanford University, which was founded by Leland Stanford and his wife, Jane, in 1885 in memory of their only son. By one estimate, the project cost roughly $60 million, about $1.2 billion in today’s money, though other sources put the amount even higher. Before the building of the Transcontinental Railroad, it cost nearly $1,000 dollars to travel across the country. The Central Pacific broke through the mountains in late June, however, and the hard part was finally behind them. In 1860, a young engineer named Theodore Judah identified the infamous Donner Pass in northern California (where a group of westward emigrants had become trapped in 1846) as an ideal location for constructing a railroad through the formidable Sierra Nevada mountains. Upon completion of the railroad, many Chinese workers returned to California in search of employment. The country, from its commerce to the environment to even its concept of time, was profoundly altered after the completion of the railroad's 1,776 miles of track. Download an essay example of Transcontinental Railroad on FreeEssayHelp. He was the first modern European scientist to propose that Earth and other planets revolve around the sun, or the Heliocentric Theory of the universe. The Transcontinental Railroad. “People come across the Atlantic on ships, get on trains, and end up in places such as western Nebraska,” he says. [] Chief promoter of a transcontinental railroad was Asa Whitney, a New York merchant active in the China trade who was obsessed with the idea of a railroad to the Pacific. The golden spike was removed after the ceremony and replaced with traditional iron spikes. The building of the transcontinental railroad opened up the American West to more rapid development. But that all changed on May 10, 1869, when railroad baron Leland Stanford whacked in a ceremonial gold spike to mark the joining together of the tracks of the Central Pacific Railroad and the Union Pacific Railroad in Promontory, Utah, to form the transcontinental railroad. The Linda Hall Library Transcontinental Railroad website was created with generous support from the BNSF (Burlington Northern Santa Fe) Foundation. “What the transcontinental railroad did was bring the West … They borrowed heavily to finance the project, and exploited legal loopholes to get the most possible funds from the government for their planned track construction. https://www.history.com/topics/inventions/transcontinental-railroad. As Ronda explains, it changed the way that people viewed distances. The massive amount of wood needed to build the railroad, including railroad ties, support beams for tunnels and bridges, and sheds, necessitated cutting down thousands of trees, which devastated western forests. Transcontinental definition is - extending or going across a continent. This railroad was the work of two railroad companies, the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific, which built their lines as fast as they could until they met in Utah in 1869. 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